Figure 1. Inhibition of HIV-1 infection. 1G5 T cells were pretreated for 24 h with increasing concentrations of SP4-2, or with 10-6M ddC, or mock treated (0 μg SP4-2), as indicated. Then, cells were infected with HIV-1 (NL4-3) at multiplicity of infection (moi) of 0.01 for 1.5 h, washed 3 times, and returned to culture with the same concentration of each treatment, for the duration of the experiment. (A) On day 3 after infection, HIV-1 infection was quantified by luciferase gene marker expression from cell lysates that were normalized to the same number of viable cells, and expressed as relative light units (RLU) on the y-axis. (B) Viability for each cell culture treatment was quantified by MTT uptake. (C) Percent inhibition of HIV-1 was calculated from raw data in (A), utilizing the formula in the Methods, and plotted on the Y-axis as % HIV-1 Inhibition. Data are mean ± SD of three separate experiments.